Kdevelop Setup for C/C++ Developers

Introduction


Kdevelop is an IDE with features similar to Eclipse - compilation & error checking while you type, pop-up help on most identifiers, integrated debugger, etc.


KDevelop screen shot

Setting it up for ICU takes a bit of work, but it works well once configured.


Installation (Linux)

    sudo apt-get install kdevelop


Configuration

There is a one-to-one correspondence between kdevelop "projects" and icu Makefiles.

The setup process consists mostly of creating a kdevelop project for each Makefile of interest, then adjusting the project properties to account for settings that kdevelop did not deduce from the original Makefile.

kdevelop stores the configuration in a series of files with the suffix .kdev4. Unfortunately, these are scattered through the source hierarchy, and include absolute hard-coded paths. I haven't figured out a way to make these conveniently re-usable or retargetable.

Here are the steps to set up kdevelop to work with ICU:
  • Set up a svn client workspace to use, with a full copy of ICU4C. Because kdevelop's configuration can't be easily moved between directories, dedicate a svn workspace to kdevelop, and use svn switch to move the workspace to different branches.
  • runConfigure, to generate the Makefiles that will be the basis for the kdevelop projects. Disable renaming, allowing the IDE links for plain C functions work. This setup uses an In-source build, I have not tested with out-of-source builds. Build and test to verify the copy of ICU.

    cd source
    ./runConfigureICU --enable-debug --disable-release Linux --disable-renaming
    make -j6 check

  • Start kdevelop

  • Import the various projects. The following make a consistent set:
common
i18n
io
toolutil
intltest
cintltst

Others (various tools) can be added if you are working on them.

    For each,
From the "Project" menu, select "Open / Import Project..."
Navigate to a directory containing an ICU Makefile, e.g. .../source/common, and "Open"
A "Project Information" dialog should appear, and should show
     Name: common (or whatever directory/project you are doing)
     Project manager: Makefile (Custom Makefile Project Manager)
     Push "Finish"
The new project should now appear in the panel on the left of the main kdevelop window.
Right-click the new project, and select "Open Configuration..."

Select "Project Filter", then "+Add" entries to exclude the following file types from the project:
   *.rc
   *.d
   msvcres.h    (common project only)
Push "Apply"

Select "Language Support" -> "Includes/Imports" and add full absolute paths for the include paths from the table, below. The absolute paths will be specific to your setup, e.g.
   .../source/common might become something like /usr/local/google/home/aheninger/icu-kdev/source/common
The "Batch Edit" option is the fastest way to enter these. (I have tried and failed to find a way to use variables or relative paths for these)

Select "Language Support" -> "Defines" and add the variable definitions needed for the project, as listed in the table below. Batch Edit is again the easiest; the definitions from the table can be pasted in as-is.

Select "OK" to close the configuration window.



 Project Include Paths Preprocessor Defines
 common .../source/common/ U_COMMON_IMPLEMENTATION=1
 U_DISABLE_RENAMING=1
 i18n.../source/common/
.../source/i18n/
 U_I18N_IMPLEMENTATION=1
 U_DISABLE_RENAMING=1
 io .../source/io/
 .../source/common/
.../source/i18n/
 U_IO_IMPLEMENTATION=1
 U_DISABLE_RENAMING=1
 toolutil.../source/tools/toolutil/
.../source/common/
.../source/i18n/
 U_TOOLUTIL_IMPLEMENTATION=1
 U_DISABLE_RENAMING=1
 cintltst.../source/common/
.../source/i18n/
.../source/tools/ctestfw/
.../source/tools/toolutil/
 U_DISABLE_RENAMING=1
 intltest .../source/common/
 .../source/i18n/
 .../source/io/
 .../source/tools/toolutil/
 .../source/tools/ctestfw/
 U_DISABLE_RENAMING=1




  • Verify that the projects have no errors. For each project
    • Expand the project in the "projects" panel on the left side of the window.
    • Open a source file (.cpp, .h or .c) from the project (double-click it).
    • Open the "Problems" pane at the bottom of the screen, if it's not open already.
    • Choose "Scope: Current Project" from the top of the Problems pane.
    • There should be no errors (Red circles). There should be many warnings and notices.
Note that the error list won't be complete or accurate until kdevelop finishes analyzing the source. When the configuration settings change it reanalyzes everything, which takes several minutes. See the progress bar at the lower right.

  • Rename the Session. A kdevelop session is a group of related projects that can be opened together. We've been working in the un-named default session. From the "Session" menu, select "Rename Current Session..."


Run a Test

Choose "Run menu" -> "Configure Launches..."
Select intltest.
Click "Add New"
Select "Compiled Binary"
Specify what to run, and its parameters. For example,



On the "Environment" line in the above box, click on the unlabeled button on the right, and add LD_LIBRARY_PATH settings.


From the main menu, select Run->Execute Launch, or Run->Debug Launch, and the test should run.
Try setting a break point in one of the executed source files (CTRL + ALT + B) and check out the debugger.














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